Page 17 - Water and DSİ

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16
CHAPTER II - LAND & WATER RESOURCES
The Borders & Coastline of (km)
Total Length of Land Borders
2,949
Bulgaria……………………..... 269
Greece..………………………..203
Georgia…………………….…..276
Armenia………………………..328
Azerbaijan / Nakhichevan……....18
Iran…………………………….560
Iraq…………………………….384
Syria……………………………911
Total Length of Coastline
7,816
Black Sea……………………...1,778
Sea of Marmara……………….1,275
Aegean & Mediterranean …….4,763
Total Borders & Coastline
10,765
Note:
Coastlines of Islands are not included
2.1. Geographic Location of Turkey
Turkey is located between
26
-45
eastern longitudes
and
36
-42
northern
latitudes. Turkey occupies a
total area of about 78 million
ha, of which about 1.1
million is inland lakes. The
country forms an elongated
rectangle roughly 1,650
kilometers in an east-west
direction
and
1,000
kilometers north to south.
On the east, Turkey has
borders
with
Iran,
Azerbaijan, Georgia and Armenia. On the southeast Turkey’s neighbors are Iran, Iraq and Syria.
On the south and west, the country is surrounded with the Mediterranean and Aegean Sea. On
the northwest, Turkey has borders with Bulgaria and Greece. The Black Sea lies in the north of
the country. Anatolia, except its eastern parts, is surrounded by seas and has a total coastline of
7,816 km, not including that of the islands. Turkey forms a bridge between Europe and Asia,
with about 3% of its land (The Trace) in Europe.
The average altitude (1,132 m) of Turkey is higher than that (1,050 m) of Asia and three and a
half times higher than that (330 m) of Europe. The elevation increases from the west to the east.
The altitude of Ulus, the centre of Ankara, is 875 m. The altitude of plains in the eastern region
rises to 2,000 m. The highest point of eastern region is The Great Ağri Mountain at an altitude of
5,137 m.
2.2. Borders of Turkey
Turkey possesses a number of different characteristics
in terms of its geographical location. The total length
of its land borders and coastline is 10,765 km, 2,949
km of which are the land borders while 7,816 km are
the coastline. Turkey has borders with Greece,
Bulgaria to the west, with Georgia, Armenia,
Azerbaijan/Nakhichevan, Iran to the east, and with
Iraq, Syria to the south.
The border with Bulgaria (269 km) extends from the
mouth of the Rezve Stream in the Black Sea to the
north west of Edirne. The border with Greece (203
km) extends along the Meriç River, passing around
Edirne and Karaağaç and emptying into the Aegean
Sea to the west of Enez. The length of the border with
Georgia (276 km), with Armenia (328 km) and with
Azerbaijan/Nakhichevan (18km) is 622km, beginning
from Sarp Village and extending along the Arpaçay and Aras rivers. With Iran (560 km) follows
the summits of high mountains with extending up to the Kelsim Breach at the beginning of the