Page 18 - Water and DSİ

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CHAPTER II - LAND & WATER RESOURCES
Iraq border. With Iraq (384 km) ends at the point where the Tigris and Habur rivers meet after
passing through high and mountainous territory in the vicinity of Hakkari. With Syria (911 km)
runs immediately south of the Baghdad Railway reaching the Mediterranean in Guvercinkaya.
2.3. Land Resources
Turkey’s surface area is 780,000 km
2
, namely 78 million hectares (Mha). Excluding the total area
of reservoirs and lakes, Turkey’s land area is 769,600 km
2
. With her diverse geological, climatic,
vegetation and topographical features, Turkey rooms in most of large land groups found on the
earth today. Besides, this richness also makes it possible to raise a diversity of crops, many of
which are high in their quality. In terms of their inherent limitations to tillage, lands rank from 1
st
class on which no tillage problem is confronted to class 8 where no crop farming is possible. In a
wider grouping, the first 4 classes in this ranking are accepted as tillable whereas the other 4
constitute the group with forests and pastures that continuously remain with natural vegetation.
Excluding mountainous areas which cover a little more than half of the total land area, Turkey
has plains, plateaus, steep and rugged land, and flat hills. Plains of different altitudes covered with
alluvium amount to 19 Mha. Plateaus cover 8 Mha. The total area of plains and plateaus is equal
to 27 Mha, which is 30% of Turkey’s land. Rugged terrains with flat, wide hills amount to 10
Mha. Since agricultural operations are often relatively easy in these types of rugged terrains, 10
Mha might be added to 27 Mha as flat lands. Therefore, Turkey has about 37 Mha of flat lands.
However, Turkey’s total agricultural area is about 28 Mha. Turkey’s total land area is 78 Mha.
Almost one third of this, 28 Mha, can be classified as cultivable land. Recent studies indicate that
an area of about 8.5 Mha is economically irrigable under the available technology. Until now, 5.61
million ha has been put under irrigation, big parts of it, about 3.32 Mha has been equipped with
irrigation infrastructures by DSİ. (Areas are given in gross numbers)
2.4. Population
According to the results of the Address-based Population Registration System, the population of
Turkey is 74 Million in a total of 81 provinces. Population growth rate is approximately 1.8% per
annum. The average population density is 95 km/person. Turkish Statistical Institute (TÜİK) has
estimated Turkey’s population as 100 million for the year of 2030.
AS OF 2011
TURKEY – COUNTRY PROFILE
POPULATION
LAND RESOURCES
Turkey’s Population
74 Million
Million hectares
(Mha)
Rural Population
30%
Turkey’s Surface Area
78
Urban Population
70%
Arable Land
28
Annual Increase
1.31%
Irrigable Land
25.75
Population Density
95 people/km
2
Rainfed Agriculture
16
GDP (Total)
US$ 800 billion
Economically Irrigable
8.50
GDP /Capita
US$ 10,000
Presently Irrigated
5.61
Agricultural Contribution 8.2% of GDP