Page 22 - Water and DSİ

Basic HTML Version

21
CHAPTER II - LAND & WATER RESOURCES
100 million in 2023. Then it is possible to conclude that per capita water potential in Turkey will
further fall to 1,125 m³ by that year. It is possible to figure out further pressures on water
resources deriving from population growth and changes in water consumption patterns.
It should also be noted that all these estimates are based on the assumption that existing water
resources and potential are transferred to coming generations as they are now. This indicates that
Turkey has to utilize her water resources efficiently and rationally to safeguard future generations.
Turkey is geographically divided into 25 hydraulic basins. These basins differ widely in terms of
their respective water potential and the Euphrates-Tigris basin alone makes up about 28% of the
total water potential of all basins.
Planning Studies in Turkey
Under the scope of DSİ’ planning studies, the most appropriate formulations of projects are
prepared by using long-term data collections and investigations. Data collection activities in
planning studies are implemented with the coordination of different engineering fields consisting
of gauging, observation, survey, soil and drainage, agricultural economy, hydrology,
environmental impact assessment, geology, mapping and material studies.
The Hydrometeorology network of
DSİ comprises the following stations;
1,149 river flow observation, 135 lake
observation, 161 snow observation,
357 meteorological observation and
125 sediment observation stations.
From those stations, hydrological and
meteorological variables such as river
flows, groundwater and lake water
levels, sediment loads, water quality,
amount
of
precipitation,
and
evaporations are collected and
monitored.
Dicle -
Turkey has 25 Basins
Hydrology
Mapping
Survey
Agricultural
Economy
Land &
Drainage
Geology
PLANNING
Environment