Page 27 - Water and DSİ

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CHAPTER II - LAND & WATER RESOURCES
Double Curvature Concrete Arch: Gökçekaya, Oymapınar, Gezende, Sır, Berke, Ermenek Dams &HEPPs,
Composite: Birecik, Karkamış, Keban, Çamlıca-III Dams &HEPPs
Total installed capacity (MW) and annual average generation (GWh) of hydroelectric power
plants (run-off river HEPPs) completed by the other organizations are 6,500 MW and 22,000
GWh respectively. These values account for 37% of Turkey’s current hydropower installed
capacity (17,500 MW) and annual hydroelectric generation (62,000 GWh). The HEPPs put into
operation by DSİ generate 63% of Turkey’s current hydro energy needs. Right now, 10 HEPPs
of DSİ (3,900 MW and 10,000
GWh) are under construction, whereas private companies are
expected to construct 241 HEPPs (7,700
MW and 25,300
GWh) in a short term. Total 251
HEPPs are under construction in Turkey (11,600 MW and 35,300 GWh).
Since its establishment in 1954 to the end of 2011, DSİ has made investments of US$ 51 billion,
and benefitted US$ 137 billion from energy, agriculture, services projects. These projects have
made a more than two fold contribution to the national economy when considering their
investment costs.
WATER RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT IN TURKEY
In Operation
As of the beginning
of 2012
Ultimate Goals
By 2023
Each Sector’s
Development Rates
Irrigation
5.61 Million ha
8.5 Million ha
66%
Hydroelectric
Energy
62,000 GWh
165,500 GWh
38%
Domestic &
Industrial Water
Supply
14 Billion m
3
40 Billion m
3
35%
Flood Control
1.5 Million ha
5 Million ha
30%
The water resources development projects of DSİ are accepted as crucially important works for
the improvement of the welfare and happiness of the people in the country. It is a well-known
fact that the main source of daily food, drinking water, and electricity depend on water resources
development projects. That is why Turkey has to develop all of her water potential to maintain
adequate living standards for the people.
Agriculture in Turkey heavily depends on climatic conditions, the adverse effects of which can
only be minimized by developing hydraulic structures. DSİ contributes to the development of
agriculture in which 30% of Turkey’s population is employed by investing mostly in development
of irrigation sector. As the production and consequently the farmers’ income increases because of
irrigation development, there are further inputs to agro-industries. Because of this, water
resources development has a crucial role to play in the socioeconomic development of Turkey.
Thus, DSİ’s investments in hydropower, which is a national source of the electricity needed by
industry is important in that they are able to lessen the rate of migration to the cities and to
decrease the unemployment in the country.