Page 31 - Water and DSİ

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CHAPTER III - HYDROELECTRIC ENERGY
3.2. Turkey’s Hydroelectric Potential
The gross theoretical hydroelectric potential of a country is calculated under the presumption that
the entire set of natural flows, until the country’s borders or until the sea, will be used with 100%
efficiency. However, even the latest technologies available today cannot make utmost use of this
potential. Therefore, the maximum potential that can be used in the existing technologies is
referred to the technically viable hydroelectric potential. Nevertheless, not every technically viable
utility is economically viable. Thus, the portion of the technically viable potential that can be
realized under the existing and expected local economic conditions is referred to as the
economically viable hydroelectric potential. Turkey’s theoretical hydroelectric potential is 1% of
that of the World and 16% of that of Europe.
The gross theoretical viable hydroelectric potential in Turkey is 433 Billion kWh and the technically
viable potential is 216 Billion kWh. The economically viable potential, however, is 165.5 Billion
kWh. The tax deductions and subsidy policies about green energy in the European Union will
contribute to efforts aimed at increasing the economically viable potential of hydroelectricity.
As of 2012, Turkey have 339 hydroelectric power plants in operation with total installed capacity
of 17,500 MW generating an average of 62,000 GWh/year, which is 38% of the economically
viable hydroelectric potential. 251 hydroelectric power plants having 11,600 MW of installed
capacity to generate average annual 35,300 GWh, representing 21% of the economically viable
potential is under construction. In the future, 800
more hydroelectric power plants with annual
generation of 68,200 GWh will be constructed in order to make use of additional 20,000 MW
installed capacity. As a result of these works, a total of 1,390 hydroelectric power plants with
49,100 MW will tame rivers to benefit from the economically viable hydropower of Turkey.
In Operation
:62.0 Billion kWh/year
Under Construction:35.3 Billion kWh/year
On Development :68.2 Billion kWh/year
Status of Economically Viable
Potential
Number of HEPPs
Total Installed
Capacity
(MW)
Average Annual
Generation
(GWh/year)
Ratio
(%)
In Operation
339
17,500
62,000
38
Under Construction
251
11,600
35,300
21
On Development
800
20,000
68,200
41
Total Potential
1,390
49,100
165,500
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HYDROELECTRIC POTENTIAL OF THE WORLD & TURKEY
Gross Theoretical
Potential of HEPP
(GWh/year)
Technically Viable
Potential of HEPP
(GWh/year)
Economically Viable Potential
of HEPP (GWh/year)
WORLD
40,150,000
14,060,000
8,905,000
EUROPE
3,150,000
1,225,000
800,000
TURKEY
433,000
216,000
165,500