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CHAPTER IV - IRRIGATION
Urgent rehabilitation and rejuvenation of these irrigation facilities are needed not only to increase
irrigation rate but also to raise irrigation efficiency.
Aims of rehabilitation and rejuvenation projects are:
To ensure full function of the irrigation facilities,
To continue the contribution of the facilities to the National Economy,
To ameliorate in conditions and duration in which farmers can benefit from facilities,
To secure the sustainability of the repair and maintenance,
To save water in irrigation,
To ease the repayment of investment cost of irrigation facilities, and
To achieve collaboration between DSI and WUOs.
The process of realization of rehabilitation and rejuvenation projects is as follows:
• The 80% of total cost of rehabilitation and rejuvenation projects shall be met by DSI and
remaining 20% shall be incurred by WUOs.
• As per Law No. 6200, the 80% of total cost incurred by DSI shall be recovered from WUOs.
• DSI can put the
rehabilitation and rejuvenation projects in investment program on the
condition that the WUO make the payment of 5% of total cost of rehabilitation and rejuvenation
project in advance. Otherwise DSI cannot put out tender the project.
4.8. Irrigation Management Transfer (IMT)
Problems relating to the utilization, sufficiency and reliability of water resources have raised serious
concerns throughout the world and, consequently the model “Devolution in Irrigation
Management” has come to the fore as solution starting from the 50s. This devolution is adopted
by many countries. Being a transfer in essence, this devolution is coined differently in countries.
For example it is “transfer” in Indonesia and the Philippines; “delegation of management” in
Mexico; privatization” in Bangladesh; “responsibility sharing” in China and “Irrigation
Management Transfer-IMT” in Turkey.
The rationale behind this transfer is to encourage farmers to commit themselves to the Irrigation
Management Transfer (IMT), ensure their active participation in irrigation activities and thus to
reduce the financial burden of the State related to the costs of the irrigation management.
Irrigation Unions were founded according to the 133-138 articles of 1580 numbered Municipality
Law until 2004. Since there is no regulation about foundation of unions in Municipality laws
numbered 4272 and put into force in 2004 and that numbered 5393 and put into force in 2005, a
legal gap occurred regarding all unions which municipality founded including irrigation unions.
This gap has been filled through 5355 numbered Local Administrative Unions Law and soon after
adopted by National Assembly it was put into force on 11 June 2005. Today irrigation unions
maintain their facilities within the scope of this law and in order to provide participation of the
farmers into the assembly of irrigation unions a special regulation has been conducted in 19th
article.
In current situation the budgets of irrigation unions are put into force with the approval of Mayor
soon after adopted by union assembly. Our General Directorate has no sanction power legally over
allocations regarding staff, vehicle, energy, maintenance and repair which are all required for
running of the irrigation facility and over determination of irrigation wages which form nearly all
income of the union for obtaining the allocation required. The supervision of 368 irrigation unions
managerial and fiscally is carried out by the General Directorate of Local Administrations under
the Ministry of Internal Affairs which took over running and maintenance responsibility of the
irrigation facilities which serve to nearly 2 million he area by the end of 2010. 5355 numbered
Local Administrative Unions Law could not meet the requirements enough regarding arranging the
facilities of irrigation unions.