Page 87 - Water and DSİ

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CHAPTER VI - ENVIRONMENT
was around 72-80%
.
DSİ expropriates an average of 20,000 parcels and 10,000 ha area per year. Averaging 10-12
shareholders per parcel, approximately 200,000 landowners are affected by expropriation by DSİ
each year. Since interactive relations take place in the process, there is also a social dimension in
expropriation actions.
DSİ’s expropriation services are met by transfer expenditures of the budget. In 2010, DSİ
demanded 1,355 Million TL for expropriation services but, 33%, that is, 450,000 thousand TL was
allocated for DSİ expropriation services. However, total annuity was reached 472,428
thousand TL
Billion TL with cancelation of 193 thousand TL and with extra allowance of 43,621 thousand TL
for court decision. The 100% of the total annuity was used in 2010. DSİ expropriates the biggest
land among the other public institutions in Turkey. DSI General Directorate has been a public
institution executing the most expropriation works by spending 27% of 1,732 Million TL which is
the total allocation of the State for expropriation Works.
Inventory and management work of DSİ’s real property is in progress. 352,000 real estates were
registered in “Immovable Inventory Program”. Hereby, information and reports related to real
estates can be accessed in a short time by DSİ General Directorate and DSİ Regional Directorates.
As per Mine Law No: 3213, for I(a), I(b) and II(a) Group material, “Raw Material Production
Authority” is ensured for raw material (sand, gravel, borrow material, clay and rock) which is
necessary for construction of DSI projects.
In 2010 “Raw Material Production Authority” was
ensured for 145 I(a), 51 I(b) ve 51 II(a) Group. In 2011 “Raw Material Production Authority” was
ensured for 17 I(b) and 35 II(a). From 05/06/2004 in which Mine Law enacted to 01/08/2011
2011, total 1,991 Raw Material Production Authority” was ensured for 1,077 I(a), 265 I(b) and 649
II(a).
6.5. Resettlement
The policy has been that all families subjected to exportation are to be resettled and are to be
prevented from damnification in terms of socio economic conditions. Because this policy has been
adapted, it has been compulsory to plan, coordinate, and monitor these activities for DSI having
the main project. By studying socio economic effects on people who has to abandon their places
because of the projects executed by DSI, it is imperative to plan reducing the possible adverse
effects minimum.
In this context, World Bank and other international credit institutions have made “Resettlement
Action Plans” compulsory regarding resettlements of people affected by development projects.
These credit institutions have made “Resettlement Action Plans” prerequisite in Project credits.
Accordingly, regardless that projects are realized by foreign credit or by national budget, DSI
General Directorate accomplishes Resettlement Action Plans and income raising implementation
programs comprising all affected people. DSI monitors and evaluates the plans, and ensures that
settlements have realized in time.
While DSI General Directorate implements expropriation for the estates DSI needed, the
resettlements demanded by families affected by dam projects are materialized by TOKİ by means
of protocol with the Ministry of Environment and Urban Development (Construction Works
General Directorate). People who do not want to be resettled by the State, they can resettle
wherever they want by receiving expropriation money. However, a policy to provide resettlement
via planned approach to all families affected by projects is adopted, DSI implements planning,
coordination and monitoring works with diligence. The reduction of social and economic effects
to minimum on the people who are affected by projects being implemented by DSI and who have