Page 92 - Water and DSİ

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Annual Precipitation Increasing and Decreasing Rates in Turkey
Increasing and Increasing Rare
TEFER Project:
The floods and the landslides on May 21-25, 1998, caused deaths, suffering, and
extensive damage to both public and private property in the West Black Sea Region (WBSR). To
combat floods, develop flood management, and reduce or eliminate long-term risk, the
Government of Turkey, with the assistance of the World Bank, developed the TEFER project
(Turkey Emergency Flood Earthquake Rehabilitation) and loans of US$ 369 million, US$ 84
million of which is aimed for DSİ projects was allocated. The Government of Turkey secured this
loan (World Bank Loan No. 4388-TU) from the International Bank for Reconstruction and
Development (IBRD). Now, TEFER project has been completed over.
The TEFER Project involved the introduction of some technologies. Hence, the various activities
was implemented in the four pilot river basins (West Black Sea Region, Susurluk, Gediz, and
Büyük Menderes) selected for upgrading of the DSİ hydro-met monitoring system, the
development, and testing of improved flood forecasting. Repair and reconstruction of the flood
protection infrastructure in the WBSR was an immediate priority for investment.
One of the sub-components of the TEFER Project has been the modernization of monitoring,
forecasting, warning and response systems. The implementation of this sub-component was
handled by Prime Ministry Project Implementation Unit (PIU) and by the project implementation
agencies namely, the General Directorates of DSİ, DMİ (State Meteorological Works), and EİE
(Electric Power Resources Survey and Administration).
Being an integrated scheme, the above-mentioned sub-component of the TEFER Project has
included both supply of some consultancy services, together with the necessary hardware-software
and combining a series of different technologies in order to make forecasts for the above-
mentioned pilot basins. Utilization of appropriate technology and design techniques allows
prediction of the frequency, magnitude, flood time, and provides early warnings to provincial and
local authorities and the public against expected floods.
Radars have been installed in the provinces of Balıkesir, İstanbul, and Zonguldak. Meteorological
stations have been installed in the western Black Sea, Marmara, and Aegean regions. The
hydrological stations have been installed in the western Black Sea, Susurluk, Gediz, and Büyük
Menderes catchments.