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7. Technology and Research & Development
7.1. Information Technologies
The use of internet commenced in 1993 in Turkey and has reached unbelievable levels today. The
first internet connectivity in DSI was provided with 64 Kilobit/s rate in 1995; institutional
network was established in 1997 and the software of the programmes working on this network
was started to be applied. DSI gave start to the studies for extending its network all around
Turkey in 2000 and as a result the Regional Directorates was included into the network of the
General Directorate via telephone network connection with 64 Kilobit/s.
By the year 2010, all Regional Directorates, Etlik Facilities and TAKK Department was
conducted to the TTNet metro Ethernet network via fiber-optic cable with band that is 5-15
Megabit/s in width. And Branch Offices under our Regional Directorates was connected to the
General Directorate with 1-2 Megabit/s on G.SHDSL. Upon the aim of increasing the service
quality and speed, DSI’s connection capacity from point to point and internet outlet became 300
Megabit/s (TTNet metro Ethernet).
7.1.1. e-transformation
The rapid development of technology gives people the facility to make their office and daily
works easier, faster and in a more correct way through using communication technologies.
Accessing information rapidly and using it effectively are the inevitable aims of all countries since
they need to increase their power in the competitive world. In addition to this, in order to
provide better quality and faster services to the public, the structure of government has to be
participatory, transparent, effective and simple.
The term "e-government" has now given way to "e-transformation". This is the way to introduce
efficiency, effectiveness and low cost, and to adapt the work processes in the electronic media in
the direction of the institution's targets. Parallel to this approach, the speed that is the apparent
feature of the internet is becoming more important for production of the highest value at the
lowest cost. For this reason, keeping abreast of this technology and using it in the best way is
inevitable. From this point of view, e-transformation is the correct way to benefit from the
technology at maximum level and manage it as to one's own needs. It is necessary to put projects
in order of precedence in e-transformation studies. Institutions have to measure the outputs of
their works in the e-transform period at different stages, and assign new targets and actions
according to each result. The first step in e-transformation is to sign a vision related to the
institution's structure and opportunities. An informational framework that is in harmony with the
vision should be established. To invest only on information systems is not the solution. However,
the above-mentioned work can be achieved with a strong, capable, fast and well-designed
substructure. At this point technology is not an aim, but a tool.